Working with JavaScript for a while, have you heard about npm and why do you need it?3 min read

What is npm?

npm (stands for Node.js package manager) is a package manager for the JavaScript programming language and the world’s largest software registry. It is the default package manager for runtime environment Node.js. It puts modules in place so that node can find them, and manages dependency conflicts intelligently.

Github is the place that open source developers can join, share source codes and build software together. npm is something like that, open source developers from every corner from this planet can use npm to share and borrow packages, and many organizations are currently using npm to manage private development as well. The very first befefit of npm is, Developers use npm to access and manage Node packages. Node packages are directories that contain JavaScript code written by other developers. You can use these packages to reduce duplication of work and avoid bugs.

Looking for complete JavaScript tutorials for beginners? Check out this link.

Watch this video to see quick introduction about npm:

npm consists of these distinct components:

  • the website
  • the Command Line Interface (CLI)
  • the registry

#1. After you watched the quick introduction about npm, now is the plausible time to go to npm’s home to discover packages, set up your profiles. Also manage your npm experience such as an Organization to manage and access to the public or private packeges.

#2. To interact with npm, you need to use CLI (Command Line Interface) from your terminal, here are how you can use it.

#3. The registry Tis a database that holds the information and the code for the packages.

What you can do with npm?

  • Adapt packages of code for your apps, or incorporate packages as they are.
  • Download standalone tools you can use right away.
  • Run packages without downloading using npx.
  • Share code with any npm user, anywhere.
  • Restrict code to specific developers.
  • Create Orgs (organizations) to coordinate package maintenance, coding, and developers.
  • Form virtual teams by using Orgs.
  • Manage multiple versions of code and code dependencies.
  • Update applications easily when underlying code is updated.
  • Discover multiple ways to solve the same puzzle.
  • Find other developers who are working on similar problems and projects.

Getting started

Now you can get started using npm by referring docs from npm’s homepage, if you want to read another independent article about npm’s topics such as how to install, interact, use it with front-end development, etc…Please reply below.

To get started with npm, you can create an account, which will be available at

After you set up an npm account, the next step is to use the command line interface (CLI) to install npm.

Sharing packages and collaborating with others

If you choose to share your packages publicly, there is no cost. To use and share private packages, you need to upgrade your account. To share with others, create organizations, called npm Orgs, and invite others to work with you, privately (for a fee) or publicly (for free). Or you can sign up for a private instance of npm for your company, called npm Enterprise, so you can develop packages internally that are not shared publicly.

Learn more

To learn more about npm as a product, upcoming new features, and interesting uses of npm, sign up for our newsletter at npm-weekly, and be sure to follow @npmjs on Twitter.

For mentoring, tutorials, and learning, visit node school. Consider attending or hosting a nodeschool event (usually free!) at a site near you, or use the self-help tools you can find on the site.

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